The skin is the body’s largest organ. It protects us from infection, regulates body temperature, and provides us with the sense of touch. Although skin may seem to be the most durable and resilient of all the organs, these qualities do not make it invulnerable. Among the myriad of diseases and conditions that can affect the skin, cancer stands out as a very possible danger. In fact, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the world.
Most skin cancers are caused by ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, usually from the sun. Tanning booths, X-rays, and certain chemicals also cause cancer if they are not used properly. The people most susceptible to getting skin cancer are those with fair skin, those who have experienced severe sunburn, those with numerous and unusual moles, and those with a family history of skin cancer victims.
What is skin cancer?
Skin cancer occurs when normal skin cells transform abnormally and begin to multiply. As they continue to grow uncontrollably, they form a mass called a tumor. There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. BCC and SCC can usually be treated with a simple surgery. Fortunately, the success rate of these two cancers is 90 percent or higher. Melanoma, on the other hand, is much more serious and is likely to spread to other parts of the body.