Prostate Cancer is one of the most common cancers among men. In most cases, this type of cancer develops in men over the age of 65. Experts believe that most older men have traces of it, and those with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to get it. The chance of men developing the disease under the age of 50 is less than 1 percent. No one knows the exact cause of prostate cancer, though it has been linked to a meat-eating diet.
Prostate Cancer develops in the prostate gland. This gland is located beneath the bladder and around the upper part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine out from the bladder. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system, and its purpose is to produce semen, the liquid that transports sperm. Prostate Cancer enlarges the prostate which affects urination.
- Trouble urinating
- Blood in the semen or urine
- Erectile dysfunction
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Weakness in the lower limbs
- Weight loss
However, prostate cancer grows slowly and often remains undetected until it has advanced in stage or spread to other parts of the body.
While prostate cancer is in its early stages, treatment is usually successful. One option is the surgical removal of the prostate. There are also various techniques for destroying only the cancer cells, as opposed to complete removal of the prostate. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy may be necessary for treating the disease.
Prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs, lymph nodes, or bones, is incurable, though it may be controlled for many years. Most men in this condition live about five years or more. Because prostate cancer progresses at a much slower rate than other cancers, most men with prostate cancer will die from other causes. Many men die without even knowing that they had the disease because they were not experiencing any severe symptoms.
Prostate cancer is often affected by diet. Studies have shown that men who eat red meat and fat are more at risk. Cooking meat at high temperatures can also produce cancer-causing substances that can affect the prostate.
Countries, where meat and dairy products are more common, have more cases of prostate cancer than in countries where more plant-based diet is observed. For example, prostate cancer is very rare in Asian, African, and South American countries.
Certain plants and foods can help block cancer-causing substances from taking action in the body. Studies have shown that the following vegetables may be effective in preventing prostate cancer:
- bok choy
- Brussels sprouts
These vegetables, along with fruits and whole grains, are also full of fiber, which is necessary for a healthy diet. Fiber helps the digestion track eliminate toxins from the body. Eating healthily and providing the body with the nutrients it needs is the key to fighting prostate cancer, whether you have the disease yet or not.