Prostate Cancer is one of the most common cancers among men. In most cases, this type of cancer develops in men over the age of 65. Experts believe that most older men have traces of it, and those with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to get it. The chance of men developing the disease under the age of 50 is less than 1 percent. No one knows the exact cause of prostate cancer, though it has been linked to a meat-eating diet.
Prostate Cancer develops in the prostate gland. This gland is located beneath the bladder and around the upper part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine out from the bladder.The prostate is part of the male reproductive system, and its purpose is to produce semen, the liquid that transports sperm. Prostate Cancer enlarges the prostate which affects urination. Symptoms include trouble urinating, blood in the semen or urine, erectile dysfunction, pain in the pelvic area, weakness in the lower limbs, weight loss, fatigue, and nausea. However, prostate cancer grows slowly and often remains undetected until it has advanced in stage or spread to other parts of the body.
While prostate cancer is in its early stages, treatment is usually successful. One option is the surgical removal of the prostate. There are also various techniques for destroying only the cancer cells, as opposed to complete removal of the prostate.Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy may be necessary for treating the disease. Prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs, lymph nodes, or bones, is incurable, though it may be controlled for many years. Most men in this condition live about five years or more. Because prostate cancer progresses at a much slower rate than other cancers, most men with prostate cancer will die from other causes. Many men die without even knowing that they had the disease because they were not experiencing any severe symptoms.