Today there are many links between cancers and obesity. Over the last three decades the percentage of overweight and obese adults and children has increased tremendously, at shockingly high rates. The growth of obesity rates has led to diseases and increased risks of cancers including:
- Gallbladder cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Colon and rectum cancer
- Breast cancer (post-menopausal)
- Esophagus cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Pancreas cancer
- Endometrium cancer (the lining of the uterus)
- And other types.
This has also increased secondary health concerns such as coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, strokes, and diabetes. For example: in 1980 there were zero cases of diabetes in children but by 2010 there were over 57,000.
So what exactly is obesity?
Obesity is a condition with an abnormally high and unhealthy proportion of body fat, which can be measured with the Body Mass Index (BMI) provided by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.